Marine and coastal areas

Anthesis has completed several socio-economic impact analyses focusing on marine and coastal areas, especially in the Baltic Sea, Skagerrak and Kattegat regions but also in the Arctic. In addition, we have experience applying economic analysis to freshwater systems. We are involved in a large number of international and interdisciplinary projects where we have established a strong network of partners and clients. We are well-versed in the policy nuances associated with the EU’s Water Framework Directive and Marine Strategy Framework Directive, among others.


Anthesis is partner in the EU funded project NutriTrade.

NutriTrade promotes cost-effective, cross-border and cross-sector nutrient reduction measures in the Baltic Sea basin. The project, first of its kind in Europe, will pilot a platform for voluntary nutrient trading, nutrient offsets and joint implementation of nutrient reduction targets in the Baltic Sea area.

The NutriTrade platform that will be developed during the project, will connect effective nutrient abatement measures with voluntary financiers who are willing to acquire nutrient offsets and neutralise their nutrient footprint. These can be e.g. businesses, public organisations, municipalities, or private citizens.

The objective of the NutriTrade project is to reduce phosphorus and nitrogen loads to the Baltic Sea with fast, effective and economically efficient measures. The project is of such high relevance for the Baltic Sea region and the condition of the sea that it has been nominated as a flagship project of the EU Baltic Sea Region Strategy.

The project partner organisations have all an extensive track record in addressing eutrophication, which continues to be the most serious problem of the Baltic Sea. The project is led by John Nurminen Foundation and the other project partners collaborating in the project are Natural Resources Institute (Luke), University of Helsinki, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) and Anthesis Enveco.

The total project budget for 2015-18 is 2,1 MEUR, of which the share of the European Union (EU Interreg Central Baltic Programme) is almost 1,6 MEUR. Read more about NutriTrade here.











A selection of completed projects

  • Arctic Games: Interactive Development and Application of a Transdisciplinary framework for sustainable governance options of Arctic natural resources, 2011-2013. Funded by MISTRA.
  • Strategic support for the OSPAR regional economic and social analysis of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, 2011-2013. Funded by OSPAR.
  • Contribution to Sweden’s economic and social analysis of the initial assessment of the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: sector analyses, 2011. Funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency and the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management.
  • Baltic Survey – a survey study in the Baltic Sea countries on people’s attitudes and use of the Baltic Sea, 2010. Funded by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

For further information please contact Agneta Persson (